Despite being so tiny he is nonetheless very striking with his bright red forehead and equally bright speed stripe running down his back.
The pin-tailed manakin (Ilicura militaris) measures only 12.5 cm (4.9 in) in length. Adult males are highly distinctive with their uniquely pigmented red fore-crown and rump. They have black wings with green secondary feathers, and underneath is a white chest that runs all the way from the rump up the throat directly under the bill. They have a forked tail, brown-black legs, and yellow-orange eyes.
Females are mostly olive green except for a grey neck and auriculars, and a cream-colored chest.
Pin-tailed manakin lives in the humid Atlantic Forest which extends from the state of Bahia to the state of Rio Grande Do Sul.
The Pin-tailed manakin is thought to be a primarily frugivorous bird, but it has been recorded consuming small amounts of insects from time to time.
During the breeding season, the male establishes a display area of 20 to 30 meters, called a lek, where he puts on a show for any potential mate. Within the lek is a mating perch which is around 3.3 to 20 meters above the ground. The female is drawn to the leg by his frequent “see” calls.
Once a female is in the area the male will draw her to his mating perch and jump back and forth over her, sometimes making a snapping noise in the air, and fluffing out the vibrant red rump with his chin down when he lands facing her.